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Yunnan biayao

YUNNAN BIAYAO Yunnan Baiyao means “white medicine from the Province of Yunnan” in Mandarin. Yunnan Baiyao (YB) is a well-known proprietary traditional Chinese medicine product. The original formula is believed to contain multiple herbs with a form of ginseng as the main ingredient.  Current products may vary by manufacturer and are proprietary so the true […]

Ocular lymphoma

EYE see a problem…. Ocular manifestations of systemic lymphoma occurs in up to 48% of in one study. It clinically manifests as a change in color of the iris or a visible thickening or mass associated with the iris. This cat’s changes were secondary to systemic lymphoma. If the changes were isolated to the eye, […]

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs are used in a variety of animals.  They are used for their analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fever effect.  The majority of NSAIDs work by inhibiting cyclooxygenase (COX). Some are selective for COX-2 and others are non-specific and block both COX-1 and -2. Examples of NSAIDs include carprofen, dercoxib, firocoxib, meloxicam, and piroxicam. […]

Metronomic Chemotherapy

Conventional dosing of chemotherapy is intended to kill rapidly cells and cancer cells tend to divide much more quickly than normal tissue.  It typically involves a treatment every few weeks with an injection or pill.  Metronomic chemotherapy involves the long-term administration of a low dose oral chemotherapy drug every 1-2 days with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory […]

What is immunotherapy?

What is immunotherapy? One of the roles of the immune system is in part to recognize self and “foreign” proteins.  In the case of cancer, this implies recognition and elimination of cancer cells by the body.  There many challenges in developing effective immunotherapies including tolerance of the cancer cells to the therapy and destruction of […]